Traditional bridal jewellery of Bengal



Jul 5 2016     By Asha Parvathy


Gold jewellery is an indispensable element of an Indian bride's wedding trousseau. It is hard to find an Indian bride who is not decked up from head to toe in jewellery. Like the country's diversity, the jewellery designs also vary from region to region.

 

Today we are introducing you to the traditional jewellery worn by a Bengali bride. Many of these designs are centuries old and most of them are considered as family heirlooms and are passed down from generation to generation. Most of the Bong beauties inherit these unique pieces from their mother or grandmothers.

 

Tairaa – The Bengali bride uses the tairaa to secure her veil. They resemble a tiara and are also a combination of a traditional mangtika and a tiara. Some people say that the Bengali brides started to use tairaas after observing their British counterparts. Anyway, it is a unique piece of jewellery. 

 

Tikli - It is worn on the middle parting of a bride’s hair. They are sometimes adorned with precious stones. 

 

Traditional-bridal-jewellery-of-Bengal

 

Jhumko - It is the traditional ear ornament of a Bengali Bride. The other ear ornament used by Bengali brides are kaan baala, paasha etc... They are all heavy chandelier type ornaments and the kaan baalas could literally cover your ears with its sheer size.

 

Nath - The large nose ring worn by the Bengali brides is called nath. Earlier, the people believed that the large nose ring represents the bride's family's wealth. So in old times, not just the brides, but also the women guests used to wear large chunky nose rings to show off their wealth.

 

Traditional bridal jewellery of Bengal

 

Chik - It is the choker type necklace which is worn closely around the bride's neck. A traditional chik shouldn't touch the collar bone. Though they were traditionally made of gold, the modern brides use diamond or other precious stones studded chik.

 

Paati haar - A paati haar is a necklace that is worn traditionally by affluent Bengali ladies. It is also an important bridal ornament in the state. Though earlier the paati haar designs used to be more intricate with gold wires they have now been reduced to curtail the discomfort they used to make while wearing it. 

 

Traditional-bridal-jewellery-of-Bengal

 

Haater goyna - They are the traditional bangles worn during the wedding. They are usually broad and are known for their carved intricate designs. The bracelet is called chur in Bengali. A Bong bride also adorns her hands with a carved chur in gold. 

 

Ratanchur - A ratanchur enhances the beauty of a bride's hands. They are Mughal haathphool type ornament which has five finger rings which are attached to the wrist through chains.

 

Traditional-bridal-jewellery-of-Bengal

 

Opor haath - They are the intricately carved traditional armlets.

 

A kamarbandh and anklets complete the Bong bride's jewellery box.







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