As weddings are considered one of the most important events of a person's life, we do take umpteen considerations while selecting wedding attires, jewellery, and other accessories.
One field we don't think about much is wedding bouquet and flowers. Flowers have utmost importance in a wedding from time immemorial. Our ancestors brought flowers to their weddings as a symbol of fertility. The Romans and Greeks believed that the fragrance of the flowers would keep the evil spirits away from the couple.
In ancient times the Romans not only used the flowers, they also carried many herbs and garlic to their wedding. Instead of carrying them as a bouquet they were woven together and were worn as a hair accessory by the bride.
As the years passed the brides began to carry it as a bouquet to their wedding.
Each culture has their own way of including flowers in the wedding. Though a Hindu or a Muslim bride doesn't carry a bouquet with them, they use it as a hair accessory. Showering the couple with flowers during the ceremony is also done in order to bring good fortune to the newlyweds.
In Thailand, the bride and the groom's mothers would put flower garlands around the couple's necks to ward off any evil spirit. In many parts of India both the bride and the groom wear floral headpieces to cover their faces so they could ward off any evil eye. In many cultures exchanging floral garlands itself symbolizes entering matrimonial bliss.
During the Tudor period, English brides used to carry marigolds dipped in rosewater to the wedding. They also ate it afterward as they believed that they had aphrodisiac qualities.
The tossing of the bouquet by the bride was added to the Western wedding traditions during the Victorian period. Earlier the bride would hand over her bouquet to her maid of honour so that some of the bride's luck would pass it to her.
In olden times, both the Greek brides and the grooms would wear crowns made of orange blossoms as the flower represents purity and virginity. In Sweden and Denmark, the bride and groom will have small pockets in their wedding attires and they will be filled with herbs for good luck.
According to Victorian brides, each flower has its own meaning and importance, so they would select the flowers for their wedding bouquets according to the meaning of the flowers.
According to them, lily represents purity and sweetness, daffodil brings unrequited love and good fortune. Red rose would fill love in their lives while white rose would bring purity and innocence. Tulip represents true love and orchid is identified with love and beauty.
The intensity of the colours of the wedding bouquet also played a major role in calculating the intensity of the feelings of the bride during the Victorian period.
Most of the cultures also use flowers to decorate the venue and they are also used as centrepieces at many weddings.